James Joyce embraced an eternal exile from his native Ireland and lived abroad for his adult life. He is the author of "Dubliners," a series of short stories that raise the profile of the Irish character. "Ulysses," his life-long tome remains a controversial novel and his use of a created version of stream of consciousness English befuddles critics and fans alike. "Finnegan's Wake," his last great work has made his literary output a full-time job for scholars. He left Paris ahead of the arrival of the Germans and died in yet another exile in 1941 and is buried in Zurich.